Halakhot of Purim for Women

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Tuesday, 02 March 2010 | AP | Purim, Women

8 Adar 5770 – Feb. 22, 2010. – Perashat Tesavé (Shabbat Zakhor)

NEW for Purim:

Moroccan Megilat Ester מגילת אסתר מרוקאי

Piyut of Hodesh Adar
Purim – Kal Atsmotai (Minhag Morocco) – Piyut of Shabbat Zakhor
Purim – Kal Atsmotai (Minhag Tanger) – Piyut of Shabbat Zakhor

Qisur Shulhan ‘Arukh – Ribbi Refael Barukh Toledano zt”l
Halakhot of Purim
Chapter 630 (Halakhot 5-7)
May a woman read the Meghila for others?
Ribi Refael Barukh Toledano zt”l writes that if a man hears the Meghila from a woman he must go back and read/hear the Meghila from someone who is able to make him yosé, but he should not recite a berakha the second time since there are those who hold that one is yosé if a woman reads for him, and therefore “safeq berakhot lehaqel” applies. If there is no one else who is able to read for this man, then we may rely on those who allow a woman to read the Meghila for a man. However, if later on, there is a man available to read for him, he should go back and listen to the Meghila from this man.
Ribi Toledano zt”l adds that if this man who came later on had already fulfilled the misva of Meghila, then he should not recite a berakha for the man who does not know how to read because of “safeq berakhot lehaqel.”
A woman may read the Meghila for other women. However, if she will be reading it for a lot of women it is preferable to have a man read it for them because it is more appropriate that a man read for a group of women. A deaf woman is not able to make another woman yosé [T.N. because a deaf woman does not have the obligation herself to listen to the meghila and thus is not able to make others yosé].
There is a mahloqet regarding which berakha a woman should make on the meghila. Some (including Ribi Shalom Messas zt”l, Ribi Yishaq Bengualid (Vayomer Yishaq, Liqutim, Purim 6) and Ribbi Refael Barukh Toledano (Qisur Shulhan ‘Arukh 520:7) say that when she is reading the Meghila for herself or others she should bless “Lishmo’a Meghila” instead of the regular berakha since a woman’s obligation is only to hear the Meghila, not to read it.
It is preferable that a woman hear the Meghila from a man. If the man had already fulfilled his obligation of reading the Meghila, then she should make the berakha, and he read for her.
Magen Avot – e”H Ribi Mordekhai Lebhar s”t

1. Women’s Obligation Concerning Perashat Zakhor The minhag is that women do not go to the synagogue to hear Perashat Zakhor.

Many hold that women must hear the reading of Perashat Zakhor, and if they cannot come to the synagogue, they should at least read the verses from a printed Humash. Nevertheless, the Sefer haHinukh rules that this is not necessary and the minhag is that women do not go to the synagogue to hear the reading, nor do they read the portion at home. This was also the opinion of Ribbi Ben Tsion Abba Shaul.
Our holy sages, Hazal, teach us that “one who studies [at least two] Halakhot daily is guaranteed a portion in ‘Olam Haba (the world to come).” -Masekhet Meghila 28b

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