Procedure of Kal Nidré / Saying “She’asa Li Kol ‘Serakhai” in the Morning / A Berit Mila on Yom Kipur

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Tuesday, 14 September 2010 | AP | Yom Kipur

6 Tishré 5771 – Sept. 14, 2010.

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Magen Abot – e”H Ribi Mordekhai Lebhar s”t
Yom Kipur

3. Kal Nidré

The minhag in most places is to remove three Sifré Tora from the Hekhal for Kal Nidré [1], though some remove all the scrolls in the Hekhal and others only one. Some add in the Kal Nidré prayer the phrase “La yehon nidré…” [2] in the future tense. Some also add the following prayer after Kal Nidré: “Sharui lanu… (insert)” [3]. After this, Haskabot for the deceased are said, along with Mi Sheberakh prayers for the congregation and the government, followed by the Sheheheyanu blessing [4].

The minhag is to begin ‘Arbit with the phrase “Vehu rahum…” even when Yom Kipur falls on Shabat[5].

[1] See Ribi Refael Barukh Toledano zs”l, Qisur Shulhan ‘Arukh p.320.
[2] The Bet Yosef (OrahHayim 619) writes that there is a dispute as to whether this prayer should be said in the past tense, annulling all vows made in the past year, or in the future tense, annulling the vows which will be made in the coming year. The minhag among some is to do both; see Ribi Shalom Messas zs”l, Shemesh uMagen (Part 3, Chapter 59).
[3] See sidur Ahabat Qadmonim (p. 25) and Ribi David ‘Obadia zs”l, Nahagu ha’Am (section on Yom Kipur).
[4] See sidur Ahabat Qadmonim (ibid.).
[5] See Tur (OrahHayim 619) and the Seder Rab ‘Amram Gaon, who mention this minhag. The Ben Ish Hai (Perashat Vayelekh) writes that one should not say “Vehu rahum” on Shabat; however, Moroccans follow the Tur and Rab ‘Amram Gaon.

4. The Morning Blessing  “She’asa li kol serakhai”

The general minhag is not to say the “she’asa li kol serakhai” blessing on Yom Kipur; however, some who wear canvas or cloth shoes say the blessing.

The reason for not saying this blessing on Yom Kipur is that this blessing thanks G-d for providing all a person’s needs, which include shoes. Since one is forbidden to wear leather shoes on Yom Kipur, one cannot thank G-d for providing him with all his needs. However, some hold that this reasoning only applied in former times, when shoes were nearly always made of leather and on Yom Kipur people went barefoot. In our days, when the practice among most Jews is to wear shoes made of materials other than leather on Yom Kipur, one may (and must) say this blessing to thank G-d for providing him with all his needs including shoes. See Tashbes (Part 2, Chapter 186) and Zé haShulhan (p.62). Nevertheless, many still do not say this blessing on Yom Kipur, even if they wear shoes made of materials other than leather; see Ribi Refael Barukh Toledano (Qisur Shulhan ‘Arukh,p.312) and Bet ‘Obed (Halakhot of Birkot haShahar).

6. Berit Mila on Yom Kipur

When a Berit Mila is done on Yom Kipur, the minhag is to perform the circumcision after the Tora reading, before “Ashré.” When the Berit Mila is done at the home of the newborn’s family, the minhag is still to go there after the Tora reading and return to the synagogue for Musaf.

See Ribi Yishaq Bengualid zs”l, Vayomer Yishaq (Liqutim, Yom Kipur 1).

Our holy sages, Hazal, teach us that “one who studies [at least two] Halakhot daily is guaranteed a portion in ‘Olam Haba (the world to come).” -Masekhet Meghila 28b

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