The Proper Time to Light the ‘Hanukia & Lighting it at Night / Phrases Said During Qadish

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Tuesday, 23 November 2010 | AP | Hanuka, Shaharit

15 Kislev 5771 – Nov. 22, 2010. – Perashat Vayesheb

Today’s halakha is sponsored for the Refua Shelema of Viviane ‘Aliya bat Rena who is in critical condition and Hatinok shel Jennifer Ester also in critical condition – he should merit to have his berit mila B”H. May our learning, prayers, and the zekhut of all theSadiqim bring them a speedy and complete recovery. Amen!

New Audio Shi’ur on Moroccan Minhagim by Rosh Kollel Ribi Mordekhai Lebhar s”t at
Kollel Yismah Moshé in Toronto every Monday night 
at 8:45 :
4. Nat bar Nat, Pat Aqum, and ‘Halab Yisrael

3. Kasher Animals in Morocco
2. The Obligation of Halaq Bet Yosef Meat

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Netibot haMa’arab – e”H Ribi Eliyahou Bitton s”t
Customs of Hanuka

3. We are accustomed to light the Hanukia in the synagogue only at night and not during the day because the main aspect of lighting is at night, as the Gemara says “ushraga betihara mai mehani?” (what is the point of a candle during the day?).  Similarly, the minhag was not to light during the day in the house, and those who do have the minhag to light during the day did it out of remembrance to the Bet haMiqdash where in the morning the Kohen would verify and enhance the candles of the menora and if any had extinguished he would relight them. See QS”A p.373 by Ribi Toledano zs”l, Nahagu ha’Am (Hanuka, p. 133),Hashamayim Hahadashim Siman 58.

4. We light the Hanukia (in our personal homes) immediately after ‘arbit, and we are very strict to light only after the zeman of “set hakokhavim” because the prayer of ‘arbit with the reading of shema’ is at “set hakokhabim,” (and we have a rule) that “tadir veshe-eno tadir, tadir qodem” ([if you have] something that is frequent and [something that is] not frequent, the frequent one come first). Therefore, (‘arbit is done more frequently, i.e. everyday, than the misva of Hanuka, i.e. once a year,) the time for (Hanuka lighting) is right after ‘arbit, i.e. after “set hakokhabim.” See the Shulhan ‘Arukh (O”H Siman 672:1), Nahagu ha’Am (Hanuka, p. 133), Shemesh uMagen (Heleq 1, Simanim 31, 32, 33).

Customs of Shaharit

33) When people say in Qadish ” ‘al yisrael ve’al rabanan” the congregation answers ” ‘alehem hashalom.” When they say “Titqabal selotana uba’utana” we say “berahamim ubrason titqabal tefilatanu min hashamayim.” When they say “Yehé shelama raba min shemaya” we say “hayim vesaba’ .” When they say “Verevah vehasala” we say “lanu ulkhol ‘amo yisrael.” When they say ” ‘osé shalom bimromav” we say “Barukh ‘osé hashalom ba’olamo.” Even though these days it is the custom to say ” ‘alehem hashalom” (peace should be upon them) only on dead people, in Morocco, they had the custom to say this even on the Hakhmé Yisrael while they were still living. All of these additions are added in order that the whole congregation be included in saying this lofty and exalted prayer, which is the Qadish. See the old sidurim, Nahagu ha’Am p. 12, Sha’aré Tefila p. 21, Shemesh uMagen (Heleq 2, O”H Siman 61).

34) We are very strict not to pass in front of someone saying Qadish, as we are careful not to do for someone praying the ‘Amida. This is because the holiness of the Qadish is very great, specifically “Yehé shemé raba…” so much so that our Rabanim say in Masekhet Shabat 119 that “anyone who answers “Amen, yehé shemé raba…” with all of his strength will rip up his “gezar dino” (his decrees),” see more on the greatness of the Qadish in the Kaf haHayim (Siman 56:1). See Birqé Yosef (Siman 55:9), Qesher Godel (Siman 8), Netibé ‘Am (p.60), Kaf haHayim (Siman 53:9).

Our Holy Sages, Hazal, teach us that “One who studies [at least two] Halakhot (laws) daily is guaranteed a portion in ‘Olam Haba (the world to come).” -Masekhet Meghila 28b

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